WOOD JANKA       JANKA TANGENTIAL     JANKA TANGENTIAL
SPECIES WOOD TANGENTIAL   WOOD SPECIES HARDNESS SHRINKAGE   WOOD SPECIES HARDNESS SHRINKAGE
Alphabetical Order HARDNESS SHRINKAGE     Sorted by         Sorted by
          HARDNESS         Shrinkage
Acacia 1750     Cuipo 22     Mesquite 2345 2.6
African Blackwood 1720     Balsa 100 7.6   Osage Orange 2040 3
Afromosia 2524     Ceiba 281     Rosewood, Para 2406 3.5
Afzelia 1810     Cottonwood, Balsam poplar 300 7.1   Nyatoh 1171 4
Albarco 1020     Poplar, Balsam 300 7.1   Tarara 3200 4
Alder, Red 590 7.3   Cedar, Northern White 320 4.9   Cocobolo 2960 4.3
Alder, White       Aspen, Quaking 350 6.7   Angelim, Pedra 3040 4.4
Almond 1700     Buckeye, Yellow 350 8.1   Iroko, Kambala 1260 4.4
Amberwood 2200     Cedar, Atlantic White 350 5.4   Khaya   4.4
Amendoim 1912 6   Cedar, Western Red 350 5   Redwood, Old-growth 480 4.4
Anchico 2524     Cottonwood, Black 350 8.6   Mahogany, African Khaya 845 4.5
Andiroba, Crabwood 1130-1220 7.6   Fir, Subalpine 350 7.4   Kurupaya 3840 4.6
Angelim, Pedra 3040 4.4   Jelutong 357     Rosewood, Brazilian 2440-2860 4.6
Angelin 1750     Gumbo Limbo 370     Rosewood, Patagonian 3840 4.6
Angelique 1290 8.8   Cottonwood, Eastern 377 9.2   Cedar, Eastern Red 900 4.7
Angico, Vermelho 3020     Okourne 380 5.8   Catalpa, Northern 550 4.9
Aniegre 1110     Pine, Eastern White 380 6.1   Cedar, Northern White 320 4.9
Apitong, Keruing       Pine, Sugar 380 5.6   Redwood, Young-growth 420 4.9
Apple 1730 10.1   Spruce, Englemann 390 7.1   Cedar, Western Red 350 5
Ash, Black 850 7.8   Fir, Balsam 400 6.9   Hevea 995 5.1
Ash, White 1320 7.8   Pine, Lodgepole 402 6.7   Cedar, Incense 470 5.2
Ash, Blue 2030 6.5   Fir, White 407 7   Cativo 625 5.3
Ash, Green 1200 7.1   Obeche 408 5.3   Obeche 408 5.3
Ash, Oregon 1160 8.1   Fir, Noble 410 8.3   Cedar, Atlantic White 350 5.4
Ash, Pumpkin 990 6.3   Aspen, Bigtooth 420 7.9   Cedar, Yellow 580 5.4
Ash, Victorian 1010     Pine, Western White 420 7.4   Yew, Pacific 1150 5.4
Aspen, Bigtooth 420 7.9   Redwood, Young-growth 420 4.9   Pine, Sugar 380 5.6
Aspen, Quaking 350 6.7   Willow, Black 420 8.7   Limba 731 5.7
Australian Buloke 5060     Spruce, Black 422 6.8   Okourne 380 5.8
Australian Hickory       Fir, Pacific Silver 430 9.2   Padauk 1725 5.8
Avodire 1250 6.5   Pine, Limber 430     Rosewood, Indian 3170 5.8
Azobe 2940     Okoume 431     Teak, Old Growth 1155 5.8
Bacana, Honey 1420 9.2   Cypress, Mexican 460     Wenge 1630 5.8
Bald Cypress 570 6.2   Meranti, Light Red 460     Amendoim 1912 6
Balau 2100     Pine, Ponderosa 460 6.2   Cedar, Alaska 580 6
Balsa 100 7.6   Cedar, Incense 470 5.2   Cypress, Australian 1375 6
Bamboo 1450     Incense-cedar 470     Pine, Eastern White 380 6.1
Bamboo, Carbonized 1180     Redwood, Old-growth 480 4.4   Purpleheart 1860 6.1
Bamboo, Natural 1380     Spruce, White 480 7.8   Bald Cypress 570 6.2
Bamboo, Timbergrass 1642     Butternut 490 6.4   Cypress, Bald 510 6.2
Banak 911 8.8   Fir, Grand 490 7.5   Mahogany, Santos 2200 6.2
Bangkirai, Amang 1798     Spruce, Red 490 7.8   Pine, Ponderosa 460 6.2
Basswood, American 367-410 9.3   Fir, California Red 500 7.9   Sassafras 630 6.2
Basswood, Carolina       Hemlock, Eastern 500 6.8   Ash, Pumpkin 990 6.3
Basswood, White       Hemlock, Mountain 500 7.1   Cedar, Spanish 1006 6.3
Batu 2100     Hemlock, Western 500 7.8   Butternut 490 6.4
Beech, American 1300 11.9   Pine, Jeffery 500 6.7   Ash, Blue 2030 6.5
Beech, Australian 1569     Cypress, Bald 510 6.2   Avodire 1250 6.5
Beech, European 1300 11.9   Douglas-fir, interior south 510     Eucalyptus, Brazilian 1125 6.6
Beech, Highland 1686     Spruce, Sitka 510 7.5   Locust, Honey 1580-1700 6.6
Benge 1983     Maminha-de-porca 523     Magnolia, Southern 1020 6.6
Birch, Alaska Paper   9.9   Chestnut, American 540 6.7   Merbau 1712 6.6
Birch, Gray 760     Poplar, Yellow 540 8.2   Oak, Red, California   6.6
Birch, Paper 910 8.6   Birch, River 550 9.2   Pine, Jack 570 6.6
Birch, River 550 9.2   Catalpa, Northern 550 4.9   Tatajuba 2220 6.6
Birch, Sweet 1470 9   Catalpa, Southern 550     Aspen, Quaking 350 6.7
Birch, Yellow 1260 9.5   Hura 558     Chestnut, American 540 6.7
Blackwood, African 1720     Willow 568     Pine, Jeffery 500 6.7
Bloodwood 2900-3300 8   Bald Cypress 570 6.2   Pine, Lodgepole 402 6.7
Bocote 2200     Pine, Jack 570 6.6   Hemlock, Eastern 500 6.8
Boire, Bodowood 940     Cedar, Alaska 580 6   Spruce, Black 422 6.8
Boreal 1023     Cedar, Yellow 580 5.4   Cedar, Port-Orford 720 6.9
Boxelder 720     Alder, Red 590 7.3   Douglas-fir, interior north 660 6.9
Blue Elder 840     Silverbell, Carolina 590     Fir, Balsam 400 6.9
Boxwood, Buis 2730     Tamarack 590 7.4   Mahogany, American 845 6.9
Breu 980     Quaruba, Copaie 593     Fir, White 407 7
Brushbox 2045-2135     Pine, Pitch 620 7.1   Rosewood, Tiete 2800 7
Bubinga, African Rosewood 1980 8.4   Cativo 625 5.3   Ash, Green 1200 7.1
Buckeye, Ohio       Juniper, Western 626     Cherry, Black 950 7.1
Buckeye, Yellow 350 8.1   Sassafras 630 6.2   Cottonwood, Balsam poplar 300 7.1
Buckthorn, Cascara 1040     Pine, Spruce 647     Hemlock, Mountain 500 7.1
Bulletwood 3070     Determa 657     Maple, Bigleaf 850 7.1
Buloke, Austrailian       Douglas-fir, Coast 660 7.6   Pine, Pitch 620 7.1
Butternut 490 6.4   Douglas-fir, interior west 660 7.5   Pine, Pond 740 7.1
Buttonwood       Douglas-fir, interior north 660 6.9   Poplar, Balsam 300 7.1
Cabreuva 2200     Fir, Douglas 660     Spruce, Englemann 390 7.1
Camaru 3540     Pine, Table Mountain 660     Locust, Black 1700 7.2
Cambara 941     Embira-branca 669     Maple, Silver 700 7.2
Cameron 1940     Sumac, Staghorn 680     Pine, Red 1630 7.2
Camphorwood 930     Pine, Loblolly 690 7.4   Pine, Virginia 740 7.2
Canarywood 1860     Pine, Shortleaf 690 7.7   Alder, Red 590 7.3
Cascara 1040     Pine, Southern Yellow 690 7.3   Pine, Heart 1225 7.3
Catalpa, Northern 550 4.9   Magnolia, Cucumber tree 700 8.8   Pine, Southern Yellow 690 7.3
Catalpa, Southern 550     Maple, Silver 700 7.2   Spruce, Eastern   7.3
Cativo 625 5.3   Pine, Radiata 710     Tauari 880 7.3
Cedar, Alaska 580 6   Shedua 710     Fir, Subalpine 350 7.4
Cedar, Atlantic White 350 5.4   Boxelder 720     Mahogany, Sapele 1510 7.4
Cedar, Eastern Red 900 4.7   Cedar, Port-Orford 720 6.9   Pine, Loblolly 690 7.4
Cedar, Incense 470 5.2   Chinkapin, Giant 730     Pine, Western White 420 7.4
Cedar, Northern White 320 4.9   Pine, Sand 730     Tamarack 590 7.4
Cedar, Port-Orford 720 6.9   Limba 731 5.7   Douglas-fir, interior west 660 7.5
Cedar, Spanish 1006 6.3   Pine, Pond 740 7.1   Fir, Grand 490 7.5
Cedar, Western Red 350 5   Pine, Virginia 740 7.2   Guajara, Moabi 2100 7.5
Cedar, Yellow 580 5.4   Ilomba 749     Olivewood, Brazilian 3700 7.5
Ceiba 281     Pine, Monterey 750     Pine, Longleaf 870 7.5
Chechen, Black Poisonwood 2200     Birch, Gray 760     Spruce, Sitka 510 7.5
Cherry, African 1010     Meranti, Yellow 770     Timborana 1570 7.5
Cherry, Black 950 7.1   Sycamore, American 770 8.4   Andiroba, Crabwood 1130-1220 7.6
Cherry, Bolivian 3650     Keruing, Apitong 775     Balsa 100 7.6
Cherry, Brazilian 2820 8.4   Parana-pine 780     Douglas-fir, Coast 660 7.6
Cherry, Peruvian 2350     Pine, Parana 780 7.9   Mahogany, Royal 1220 7.6
Chestnut, American 540 6.7   Laurel, California 784 9   Pine, Slash   7.6
Chestnut, Brazilian 3417     Primavera 799 8.8   Tigerwood 1850 7.6
Chestnut, S. North America 2670     Mahogany, Honduran 800     Tupelo, Water 880 7.6
Chestnut, Tiete 3540 7.8   Mahogany, True, Lauan 800     Lacewood, Leopardwood 840 7.7
Chinkapin, Giant 730     Tupelo, Black 810 8.7   Maple, Soft 999 7.7
Cocobolo 2960 4.3   Elm, American 830 9.5   Pine, Shortleaf 690 7.7
Coconut Palm 1600     Blue Elder 840     Ash, Black 850 7.8
Coffeetree 1390     Lacewood, Leopardwood 840 7.7   Ash, White 1320 7.8
Copaiba, Bacana 1470     Mahogany, African Khaya 845 4.5   Chestnut, Tiete 3540 7.8
Cottonwood, Balsam poplar 300 7.1   Mahogany, American 845 6.9   Hemlock, Western 500 7.8
Cottonwood, Black 350 8.6   Ash, Black 850 7.8   Spruce, Red 490 7.8
Cottonwood, Eastern 377 9.2   Maple, Bigleaf 850 7.1   Spruce, White 480 7.8
Courbaril 2350     Sweetgum 850 10.2   Sucupira 3540 7.8
Cuangare 911 9.6   Elm, Rock 860 8.1   Walnut, Black 1010 7.8
Cuipo 22     Elm, Slippery 860 8.9   Aspen, Bigtooth 420 7.9
Cumaru, Brazilian Teak,Red 3540 8.4   Tupelo, Gum 861     Fir, California Red 500 7.9
Curupau (Curupy) 3880     Pine, Longleaf 870 7.5   Pine, Parana 780 7.9
Curupixa 1490     Tomillo 870     Santa Maria 1410 7.9
Cypress, Australian 1375 6   Hackberry 880 8.9   Bloodwood 2900-3300 8
Cypress, Bald 510 6.2   Tauari 880 7.3   Ipe 3680 8
Cypress, Mexican 460     Tupelo, Water 880 7.6   Lapacho 3640 8
Degame 1816     Oak, Asian Rubberwood 890     Ash, Oregon 1160 8.1
Determa 657     Cedar, Eastern Red 900 4.7   Buckeye, Yellow 350 8.1
Dogwood 2150 12   Sande 900     Elm, Rock 860 8.1
Douglas-fir, Coast 660 7.6   Meranti, Dark Red 908     Tulipwood 1441 8.1
Douglas-fir, interior west 660 7.5   Birch, Paper 910 8.6   Maple, Red 950 8.2
Douglas-fir, interior north 660 6.9   Pine, Ocote 910     Poplar, Yellow 540 8.2
Douglas-fir, interior south 510     Banak 911 8.8   Fir, Noble 410 8.3
Doussie 1810     Cuangare 911 9.6   Magnolia, Sweetbay   8.3
Ebony 3220     Ekop 915     Sweetbay   8.3
Ebony, Brazilian, Pau ferro 3692     Camphorwood 930     Bubinga, African Rosewood 1980 8.4
Ekop 915     Boire, Bodowood 940     Cherry, Brazilian 2820 8.4
Elm, American 830 9.5   Sourwood 940     Cumaru, Brazilian Teak,Red 3540 8.4
Elm, Cedar 1320 10.2   Cambara 941     Kokrodua   8.4
Elm, Rock 860 8.1   Cherry, Black 950 7.1   Sycamore, American 770 8.4
Elm, Slippery 860 8.9   Imbuya 950     Birch, Paper 910 8.6
Elm, Winged 1540 11.6   Maple, Red 950 8.2   Cottonwood, Black 350 8.6
Embira-branca 669     Walnut, Claro 950     Maple, Striped   8.6
Etauba, Itauba 2900     Robe 960     Oak, Northern Red 1290 8.6
Eucalyptus, Brazilian 1125 6.6   Breu 980     Ramin 1274 8.7
Faveria 2895     Mango 980     Tupelo, Black 810 8.7
Fir, Balsam 400 6.9   Roble 987     Willow, Black 420 8.7
Fir, California Red 500 7.9   Ash, Pumpkin 990 6.3   Angelique 1290 8.8
Fir, Douglas 660     Hevea 995 5.1   Banak 911 8.8
Fir, Grand 490 7.5   Pink Ivory 995     Magnolia, Cucumber tree 700 8.8
Fir, Noble 410 8.3   Sakura 995     Maple, Brazilion 1500-1987 8.8
Fir, Pacific Silver 430 9.2   Maple, Soft 999 7.7   Morado 2780 8.8
Fir, Subalpine 350 7.4   Teak, Plantation 1000     Oak, Bur 1370 8.8
Fir, White 407 7   Cedar, Spanish 1006 6.3   Okan 2780 8.8
Freijo 1627     Ash, Victorian 1010     Pau marfim   8.8
Garapa, Goldenwood 1700     Cherry, African 1010     Primavera 799 8.8
Gingerwood 1600     Walnut, Black 1010 7.8   Elm, Slippery 860 8.9
Goncalo Alves, Brazilian Zebrawood 2160     Albarco 1020     Hackberry 880 8.9
Grapa 1658 10   Holly, American 1020 9.9   Hickory (most types) 1820 8.9
Greenheart 2360 9.6   Magnolia, Southern 1020 6.6   Pecan 1820 8.9
Guajara, Moabi 2100 7.5   Boreal 1023     Birch, Sweet 1470 9
Guatambu, Kyrandy 2240     Buckthorn, Cascara 1040     Laurel, California 784 9
Gum, Ribbon 1349     Cascara 1040     Willow, Pacific   9
Gum, Spotted (Austrailian Hickory) 2473     Oak, Southern Red 1060 11.3   Larch, Western 1200 9.1
Gum, Sidney Blue 2023     Walnut, Peruvian 1080     Bacana, Honey 1420 9.2
Gumbo Limbo 370     Larch, Siberian 1100     Birch, River 550 9.2
Hackberry 880 8.9   Makore, African Cherry 1100     Cottonwood, Eastern 377 9.2
Heart Pine 870-910     Oak, Heritage 1100     Fir, Pacific Silver 430 9.2
Hemlock, Eastern 500 6.8   Aniegre 1110     Oak, White Oregon   9.2
Hemlock, Mountain 500 7.1   Koa 1110     Walnut, Bolivian 1223 9.2
Hemlock, Western 500 7.8   Oak, English 1120     Basswood, American 367-410 9.3
Hevea 995 5.1   Eucalyptus, Brazilian 1125 6.6   Maple, Black 1180 9.3
Hickory (most types) 1820 8.9   Rosegum 1125     Massaranduba 3190 9.4
Hickory, Pignut   11.5   Oak, Chestnut 1130 10.8   Redwood, Brazilion 3190 9.4
Hickory, Shagbark   10.5   Meranti, White 1140     Birch, Yellow 1260 9.5
Hickory, Shellbark 1820 12.6   Yew, Pacific 1150 5.4   Elm, American 830 9.5
Holly, American 1020 9.9   Teak, Old Growth 1155 5.8   Oak, Live 2680 9.5
Hophornbeam, Eastern Ironwood 1860     Thuya 1155     Oak, Pin 1510 9.5
Hornbeam, American 1630-1780     Ash, Oregon 1160 8.1   Cuangare 911 9.6
Hura 558     Juniper, Alligator 1160     Greenheart 2360 9.6
Ilomba 749     Nyatoh 1171 4   Oak, Willow 1460 9.6
Imbuya 950     Bamboo, Carbonized 1180     Oak, Post 1360 9.8
Incense-cedar 470     Maple, Black 1180 9.3   Oak, Water 1190 9.8
Ipe 3680 8   Oak, Water 1190 9.8   Birch, Alaska Paper   9.9
Iroko, Kambala 1260 4.4   Oak, White Overcup 1190 12.7   Holly, American 1020 9.9
Ironbark, Grey 3664     Ash, Green 1200 7.1   Maple, Hard (Sugar) 1450 9.9
Ironbark, Red 2470     Larch, Western 1200 9.1   Oak, Laurel 1210 9.9
Ironwood 3680     Teak, Ruby 1200     Grapa 1658 10
Ironwood, Green 3680     Walnut, English 1200     Apple 1730 10.1
Ivorywood, Pau Marfim 1987     Kapur 1205     Elm, Cedar 1320 10.2
Jarrah 1910 11   Oak, Black 1210 11.1   Sweetgum 850 10.2
Jarrah, Australian 1915     Oak, Laurel 1210 9.9   Hickory, Shagbark   10.5
Jatoba, (Braz. Cherry, Coubaril) 2350     Mahogany, Royal 1220 7.6   Oak, White 1620 10.5
Jelutong 357     Mesquite, Brazilian 1220     Oak, White 1360 10.5
Juniper, Alligator 1160     Walnut, Bolivian 1223 9.2   Oak, Chestnut 1130 10.8
Juniper, Western 626     Pine, Heart 1225 7.3   Oak, Scarlet 1400 10.8
Kambala 1540     Moviingui 1230     Oak, Swamp Chestnut 1240 10.8
Kaneelhart, Ajoewa 2464     Oak, Swamp Chestnut 1240 10.8   Zebrawood 1575 10.8
Kaneelhart 2900     Avodire 1250 6.5   Jarrah 1910 11
Kapur 1205     Birch, Yellow 1260 9.5   Oak, Black 1210 11.1
Karri 2030     Iroko, Kambala 1260 4.4   Persimmon, common 2300 11.2
Kauri, Agathis 1350     Keruing 1270     Oak, Southern Red 1060 11.3
Kempas 1710     Myrtlewood 1270     Hickory, Pignut   11.5
Kempass, Thongbueng 1797     Ramin 1274 8.7   Elm, Winged 1540 11.6
Kenpass 1854     Pine, Caribbean 1280     Tanoak 1400 11.7
Keruing 1270     Angelique 1290 8.8   Beech, American 1300 11.9
Keruing, Apitong 775     Mersawa 1290     Beech, European 1300 11.9
Khaya   4.4   Oak, Northern Red 1290 8.6   Dogwood 2150 12
Kiiat, Muninga, Mukwa 1564     Oak, Red 1290 8.6 (8.9 OSU)   Madrone, Pacific 1460 12.4
Koa 1110     Walnut, African 1290     Hickory, Shellbark 1820 12.6
Koa, Brazlian 2160     Walnut, Mansonia 1290     Oak, White Overcup 1190 12.7
Kokrodua   8.4   Beech, American 1300 11.9   Oak, Red 1290 8.6 (8.9 OSU)
Kurupaya 3840 4.6   Beech, European 1300 11.9   Acacia 1750  
Lacewood, Leopardwood 840 7.7   Manni 1304     African Blackwood 1720  
Lapacho 3640 8   Ash, White 1320 7.8   Afromosia 2524  
Larch, Siberian 1100     Elm, Cedar 1320 10.2   Afzelia 1810  
Larch, Western 1200 9.1   Gum, Ribbon 1349     Albarco 1020  
Laurel, California 784 9   Kauri, Agathis 1350     Alder, White    
Laurel, Mountain 1790     Oak, Tasmanian 1350     Almond 1700  
Lignumvitae 4500     Oak, Post 1360 9.8   Amberwood 2200  
Limba 731 5.7   Oak, White 1360 10.5   Anchico 2524  
Locust, Black 1700 7.2   Oak, Bur 1370 8.8   Angelin 1750  
Locust, Honey 1580-1700 6.6   Cypress, Australian 1375 6   Angico, Vermelho 3020  
Louro 1441     Bamboo, Natural 1380     Aniegre 1110  
Lyptus 1796     Sepetir 1382     Apitong, Keruing    
Macadamia 2300     Coffeetree 1390     Ash, Victorian 1010  
Macawood 2406     Oak, Scarlet 1400 10.8   Australian Buloke 5060  
Madrone, Pacific 1460 12.4   Tanoak 1400 11.7   Australian Hickory    
Magnolia, Cucumber tree 700 8.8   Walnut, Aztec/Mayan 1400     Azobe 2940  
Magnolia, Southern 1020 6.6   Walnut, Caribbean 1400     Balau 2100  
Magnolia, Sweetbay   8.3   Santa Maria 1410 7.9   Bamboo 1450  
Mahogany, African Khaya 845 4.5   Bacana, Honey 1420 9.2   Bamboo, Carbonized 1180  
Mahogany, African Sapele 1500     Mahogany, Cuban 1430     Bamboo, Natural 1380  
Mahogany, American 845 6.9   Louro 1441     Bamboo, Timbergrass 1642  
Mahogany, Brazilian Tiger 3840     Tulipwood 1441 8.1   Bangkirai, Amang 1798